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The objectives of the ANICA Project are:

  1. To decrease the costs for CO2 capture from lime and cement plants below 25 €/t by developing novel IHCaL process concepts with > 90 % CO2 capture efficiency, > 95 % CO2 purity, and > 45 % net electrical efficiency for heat utilization.
  2. To achieve net negative CO2 emissions by utilizing waste derived fuels with a high biogenic fraction.
  3. To achieve more than 90 % utilization of sorbent as raw material for lime and cement production by means of a high level of integration of heat and material streams.
  4. To reduce energy requirements and equipment costs by 30 % compared with current design through development of new reactor concepts.
  5. To demonstrate IHCaL technology in relevant environment (i.e. TRL 6) by long-term pilot tests at 300 kWth scale under realistic conditions (i.e. fuels, sorbents, and operating conditions) for lime and cement applications, thereby proving the long-term performance/stability of sorbent and heat pipes.
  6. To enable fast and reliable scale-up of the technology by developing accurate 1D and 3D models of the dual fluidized bed reactor system with an uncertainty of less than 10 %.
  7. To provide a basis for comparing the IHCaL process with competitive CO2 capture solutions (amine wash, oxyfuel combustion) for lime and cement plants by evaluating risks, economic performance, and environmental impact of the full-scale IHCaL process.
  8. To accelerate the deployment of IHCaL technology by providing the basic design, plant layout and a cost estimation of a semi-industrial IHCaL demonstration plant at 20 MWth scale on a cement production site, which could bring the technology to the next level of maturity (i.e. TRL 7) in a follow-up project.